Agreements Over Slavery In The Writing Of The Constitution

The refugee slavery clause is also different from the one before it in Article IV, Section 2. The clause explains that “a person charged in each state for treason, Felony or other crimes” fleeing justice will be extradited to the state responsible for the crime. This clause more clearly indicates what type of person was sought to be repatriated to a state. Its wording relates to criminal activity, while the following clause refers to a person retained in service or work. The deprivation of the rights of black citizens eventually attracted the attention of Congress, and in 1900 some members proposed emptying the south of seats based on the number of people excluded from voting. [20] In the end, Congress did not act to change the distribution, mainly because of the power of the southern bloc. Composed of Southern Democrats, elected by white voters, the Southern Bloc was a powerful block of votes in Congress until the 1960s. Their representatives, re-elected several times by one-party states, have controlled numerous presidencies of important committees in both chambers on the basis of seniority and have given them control over rules, budgets and important support projects. Their power allowed them to defeat federal laws against racist violence and abuse in the South[21] until they were overcome by the civil rights movement. The development of a mixed solution, which balances national sovereignty and popular sovereignty linked to the real population, forged the Constitution through the Connecticut compromise.

In many ways, this compromise reflected a victory for small states, but compared to their dominance in Congress in the statutes of Confederation, it is clear that the negotiations produced something that small and large states wanted. Delegates agreed that a stronger union of states was more important than the revolutionary ideal of equality. It was a pragmatic, but also tragic, constitutional compromise, as it might have been possible (as Suggested by George Mason`s comments) for the slave state of Virginia to accept certain restrictions on slavery at that time. Since the new government had little power to implement its legislation or impose taxes, it proved ineffective. In May 1787, 55 delegates from 12 states met in Philadelphia. (Rhode Island refused to send a delegation) Their aim was to revise the statutes of confederation. In secret meetings, they quickly changed their target. They would draft a new constitution.

The new government`s plan was soon approved. There would be three branches: the executive, justice and two-piece legislation. After this compromise, another controversy erupted: what should be done to combat the slave trade, the importation of new slaves into the United States? Ten states had already banned it. Many delegates strongly denounced it. But the three states that allowed it – Georgia and the two Carolinas – threatened to leave the agreement if trade was banned.